Cool Facts About Indonesia
There are some cool facts about (or related to) Indonesia that i think you guys should also have to know before traveling to Indonesia!
- Indonesia is an archipelago country consisting of around 17,508 islands. 6000 of which inhabited.
- There are over 300 ethnic groups in Indonesia.
- Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia) is the national language of Indonesia, used in schools and other state-run enterprises, as well as in the media. However, Indonesia has over 700 indigenous languages, meaning that many Indonesians are bilingual, speaking their indigenous language at home and Bahasa Indonesia at work or school.
- Top 5 big islands are Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan (Borneo), Sulawesi and Papua (New Guinea).
- Indonesia stretches 5,120 kilometers from east to west. Make it covers three time zones (GMT+7 = WIB, GMT+8 = WITA, GMT+9 = WIT).
- The equator cuts straight across the middle of Indonesia, crossing Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and various smaller islands. Meaning that in theoretically, Indonesia experienced constant 12 hours of day and night throughout the year.
- Situated on the Pacific Ring of Fire, Indonesia is home to 150 volcanoes throughout the entire country. In general they are not a threat, and many volcanic areas make great tourist attractions such as Mount Bromo in East Java, or Tangkuban Perahu in West Java. However, visitors should check whether it is safe before setting off to a volcanic area.
- Flying from one end to the other, from North Sumatra to West Papua, takes over twelve hours of flying time.
- Indonesia is the forth most populous country in the world with over 248 million people (in 2012) after China, India and United States.
- Java is the world’s most populous island.
- Indonesia has the world’s largest Muslim population, though some areas have Hindu or Christian majorities.
- The infamous traveler Marco Polo reached Sumatra in 1293. He was the first European to land on the island.
- One of the Spice islands of Indonesia (Maluku Islands aka the Mollucas) were once traded for New York.
In 1667 the Treaty of Breda was signed. One of the principal conditions of that treaty was that the British gave up their interest in the island of Run Island (part of Banda, and Banda was part of Mollucas) in return for the Dutch island of Manhattan, New York.
- The first Homo erectus fossil was found in Java, Indonesia in 1891, and is commonly known as Java Man. You can see the fossils at Sangiran, near Surakarta in Central Java.
- The coral triangle, the world’s most bio-diverse region of sea includes Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon islands, the East of Borneo and the Philippines. 76% (605) of the world’s coral species (798) are found in the Coral Triangle, the highest coral diversity in the world.
- The epicenter of that coral diversity is found in the Bird’s Head Peninsula of Indonesian Papua, which hosts 574 species (95% of the Coral Triangle, and 72% of the world’s total). Within the Bird’s Head Peninsula, the Raja Ampat archipelago is the world’s coral diversity bull’s eye with 553 species.
- Indonesia is home to 76% of the world’s coral species , 37% of the world’s fish species. These are the reason why there are so many conservationists and scuba divers alike visit places such as Bali, Raja Ampat, Komodo and North Sulawesi.
- Indonesia has the only living ancient dragon, Komodo, which can be located in NTT (Nusa Tenggara Timur).
- Indonesia has the world’s smallest primate (around 10cm); the Tarsier Pygmy (Tarsius pumilus) aka the Mountain Tarsier
- Indonesia has the world’s largest amount of orchid biodiversity. There are about six thousand species of orchids.
- Indonesia is also home to Rafflesia – the largest flower.
- The World’s most expensive coffee is from Indonesia; Kopi Luwak aka civet coffee, refers to the beans of coffee berries once they have been eaten and excreted by the Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus).
- Rendang voted the most delicious food in the world! with Nasi Goreng came in second based on The world’s 50 best foods according to CNNGo readers (September 2011), while Satay stood proud at #14. all are from Indonesia.
- Java, the programming languange, is not an acronym (not even Just Another Vague Acronym). The language was first named Oak, after the tree outside James Gosling’ window. The lawyers found another language called Oak, so legend has it, the gang went out to the local cafe to discuss names and ended up naming it after the beverage Java (which named after the island of Java).
Source: wwf.panda.org, wikipedia.org, worldnomads.com, worldette.com, travelingeast.com, travel.cnn.com
Featured image by: Eric Cheng
So, did i miss anything else?
- @iamMariza, a proud Indonesian Traveler.